Blog — Tips for taking trains in Europe

First and Second Class on European Trains

by Malin Schibler, posted 17 July 2014 | Add comment

So it’s your first time travelling by train in Europe. As you are searching for your tickets you see that you have the option of booking either first or second class tickets. In some cases the price difference is fairly minimal, maybe €10 or so. In other cases the first class tickets are even cheaper (beware though, they will always be non-refundable fares). So you begin asking yourself a few questions:

  • What is even the difference between the two seating classes? Is it the same as airline seating classes?
  • Will I really benefit from sitting in first class? Is it worth the extra money?
  • Will I suffer and perish in second class? Do they have standards or can I base my expectations on the worst?
  • How can first class be cheaper? Is there something wrong with the website or am I missing hidden costs?

These are some pretty understandable questions to ask yourself. For that reason we thought it was best to give a simple overview of the differences between the two travel classes.


First class seats on European trains

In first class you will receive wider and plusher seats, more elbow and leg room and sometimes a more formal atmosphere. Most first class passengers are travelling for business so they spend their time working whilst on the train. Depending on the time of day, there might be fewer families and children in first class so there can be very little noise. Conversation isn’t discouraged but should be maintained in a discreet manner.

What is surprising to many is that there is no luggage allowance difference between first or second class. Some trains do have luggage restrictions, so it is wise to give this article a read to find out more.


Meal service

The one major difference between first and second class is meal service at your seat. Not all first class reservations offer a meal service, yet it can be expected on premier operators such as Eurostar, Thalys and Lyria. They offer a hot or cold meal (depending on the time of day and length of the journey) which is served directly to your seat and is included in the price of your ticket. Though these trains are exceptions. On certain TGV trains in France, you can also have a meal served to your seat if you have a Pro ticket and the train has an Espace Pro Premier available. Generally speaking, most trains in Germany and France do not offer at-seat meal service, though you can sometimes order food and drink from your seat for an extra cost. This is the case on Deutsche Bahn ICE trains.


First class lounges

If you have first class tickets, you will have access to the first class lounges (if there is one at your departure station) which can provide free food and drink (including alcoholic beverages). This can be a major benefit if you prefer to arrive at the station early or need to check out of your hotel a bit early.

Eurostar priority boarding

Eurostar has a boarding procedure which requires that you have to check-in at least thirty minutes before departure. As a Eurostar Business Premier ticket holder, you can save time and only need to check in ten minutes prior to departure. So this means that you can give yourself a bit more time in the Eurostar lounge or arrive at the station shortly before departure.

So, is it worth it?

In summation, first class tickets can definitely be worth the cost. Most carriers these days offer very minimal price differences between the two travel classes. Capitaine Train will also automatically let you know if there are low-priced first class tickets available, so you can be sure that you won’t miss out on any bargains. If you happen to find that first class tickets are cheaper than second class fares, then it only means that first class is still fairly empty whilst the cheaper second class tickets have already sold out. Though please remember, in these cases the tickets will always be non-refundable.


Second class seats on European trains

Second class seating is perfectly adequate on all European trains. You will receive a nice comfortable seat, plenty of leg room (if you are over 190cm tall then we would suggest looking into first class seating, in possibly a solo-seat) and your luggage allowance certainly won’t suffer. Only certain rail operators have luggage restrictions (click here for more details) and there are certainly no class based allowances either.

If you are travelling on a strict budget or aren’t a fussy traveller, then second class will be a great option. Although you won’t receive a meal served to your seat, you can always bring some food on board or purchase something in the train bistro or from the snack trolley. Most second class carriages are also fairly quiet so you don’t have to expect a noisy or a chaotic trip. Plus, the carriages are also kept very clean, there are always toilets available and you might even have the opportunity to make friends with your fellow travellers.

How to Find Cheap European Train Tickets

by Malin Schibler, posted 20 May 2014 | 9 comments

If you want to buy cheap European train tickets, then beware that it isn’t always easy. It can require quite a bit of organisation and planning, plus some insider knowledge. Overall, the most important aspect is knowing when to book, especially as you only have a limited time frame before they sell out!

Below you will find Capitaine Train’s complete guide for buying cheap European train tickets.


Cheap French train tickets

The super cheap French train tickets are called Prem’s and are extremely popular. For this reason they do sell out incredibly fast so you have to book really, really well in advance. They are strictly non-refundable and not exchangeable. So triple check everything before booking!

Price: From €15
Book: 90 days in advance (exl. summer/winter sales)*
Where: Domestic & international SNCF trains

You will find these cheap train tickets for all TGV (French: train grande vitesse), Intercités and TER trains. They offer a super comfortable and enjoyable trip (especially the TGV), regardless of your seating class. Plus, the majority of French cities are connected by a TGV network and at least an Intercité or TER train. As these cheap TGV fares are extremely quick to sell out, it is always best to mark a date in your calendar for the earliest possible date to book, so you can get your hands on these bargain prices. Even though they are not refundable or exchangeable, these French train tickets are definitely worth it.

*There are several times a year when tickets are released earlier by SNCF. To stay in the loop for these sales you can subscribe to our newsletter, follow us on Twitter or like us on Facebook.

Paris to Avignon | Paris to Bordeaux | Paris to Milan


Cheap Thalys tickets

If you are quick to book, you will easily be able to find cheap Thalys tickets. Though you will of course have to mark a date in your calendar so you can secure these tickets early. Just remember, they are always non-refundable and not exchangeable.

Price: From €19
Book: 90 days in advance
Where: Paris – Brussels – Cologne – Amsterdam and many other cities

Only a very limited amount of cheap tickets are released, so it is really important that you book right when the ticket sales open. Thalys serves a host of big-name cities such as Brussels, Cologne, Paris and Amsterdam. It travels at an average of 300km per hour and also offers wifi on board, so you can travel from Paris to Amsterdam in just a little over 3.5 hours whilst staying connected. We also have one big insider tip for you! It is always wise to compare your Thalys prices with the Deutsche Bahn ICE prices, when booking certain routes from Germany, such as Cologne – Brussels. The ICE Saver Fare (listed at the bottom) can be super competitive!

Paris to Amsterdam | Brussels to Amsterdam | Paris to Brussels

Eurostar tickets

Cheap Eurostar tickets

Eurostar tickets are always in demand. Being able to hop across the English Channel in under two hours never gets old! That’s why Eurostar releases some extremely cheap train tickets. The Paris – London Eurostar service is one of the most popular (and frequently running) services. Of course this means that it never hurts to book your tickets well in advance.

Price: From €48
Book: 6 months in advance***
Where: London – Paris – Lille – Disneyland – Brussels

If you buy well in advance you can really benefit from these cheap Eurostar train tickets, which serve a variety of locations in the UK and mainland Europe. Eurostar trains depart and arrive from London St Pancras, Ebbsfleet and Ashford International, Calais-Fréthun, Lille, Brussels, Disneyland and Paris Gare du Nord and then offer connections to many other destinations. But wait! Just before you think you have read it all, Eurostar also offers some great summer deals. Every year direct tickets to and from Avignon come on sale during the summer months. This means you can book a hassle-free direct ticket from London to Avignon. Just read this article to see a list of prices and how to book these tickets.

London to Paris | London to Avignon | London to Brussels 

Cheap train tickets from France to Spain

The coolest kid on the block is the brand-spanking-new Renfe-SNCF cooperation line which runs direct trains from Paris to Barcelona daily. You can buy super cheap train tickets from Paris to Barcelona (and the several other cities along the way) if you book in advance! The best part is that 75% (within 7 days prior to departure) of the ticket price is refundable or exchangeable!

Renfe SNCF train

Price: starts from €39 one-way (depending on your departure station)
Book: 90 days in advance
Where: Paris – Barcelona and a many other cities.

This newly opened train line has become incredibly popular in the past few months. Everyone is super eager to buy cheap train tickets and speed from Paris to Barcelona in just 6.5 hours. The service operates 4 times daily, departing from various cities such as Paris, Lyon, Montpellier, Narbonne, Toulouse and Perpignan. Click here to see a complete route map of the Paris – Barcelona line.

Paris to Barcelona | Perpignan to Barcelona | Montpellier to Barcelona 


Cheap German train tickets

Deutsche Bahn is the national rail operator within Germany and has a great offer of discounted train tickets. There are namely three ticket types which offer the lowest prices: Saver-Ticket, Europa-Spezial and Sparpreis Ticket. Plus, all of these tickets are genuinely easy to find.

Price: From €19.00
Book: 90 days in advance
Where: Germany and 13 other countries

The German rail carrier Deutsche Bahn has an extremely vast rail network in Europe. So there is no doubt that you will easily find yourself a cheap Deutsche Bahn ticket! The Europa-Spezial tickets can take you from Germany to Italy, Denmark, Sweden, France, Switzerland and many more countries. For instance, you can travel from Hamburg to Copenhagen for €29 in just 4.5 hours starting (with a 45 minute ferry ride included). The best thing about these tickets is that they are often available up until the last minute, so if you plan your routes properly you can really benefit from these discounted train tickets.

Frankfurt to Paris | Berlin to Prague | Munich to Berlin


Cheap Swiss train tickets

If you are looking to travel between France and Switzerland, then you can take advantage of the cheap train tickets offered by Lyria. The Non-Flex (that means non-refundable) tickets start at super lower prices but are some of the quickest European train tickets to sell out!

Price: from €25
Book: 90 days in advance
Where: routes between France and Switzerland

The high-speed line between France and Switzerland serves a host of different cities in both countries (click here for a route map). If you want to secure some Non-Flex discounted tickets then you will have to make sure that you are booking just as ticket sales open. This usually means just after midnight (GMT+1 timezone) but can sometimes be a few hours later. As long as you are booking 90 days in advance, you should stand a fairly good chance of travelling for a quarter of the usual price!

Paris – Geneva | Zurich – Paris | Paris – Basel

A Guide to Taking Trains in Europe

by Malin Schibler, posted 31 March 2014 | Add comment


Read Capitaine Train’s insider guide to taking trains in Europe. Not only will it save you time, money and stress, but you will also be able to enjoy trains for what they really are. We combined all of our train expertise with our most frequently asked questions to provide you with a comprehensive guide to European train travel. Enjoy!

1. Book in advance! We mean really, really in advance!

At first, train travel can seem like an easy thing. Buy a ticket, go to the station and hop on the train. Whilst in theory it should work like this, it doesn’t quite. The getting to the station part is usually easy (don’t worry, we cover this later in the article) and hopping on the train isn’t so hard either. The trouble lies in booking your ticket. Booking train tickets in Europe can be like trying to buy tickets for the last ever Rolling Stones concert on earth… well okay, maybe not that hard but it’s pretty tricky. Why? Because of fare release dates. It’s all about timing! If you want the cheapest fares and best choice of seats then you have to book in advance. The complicated matter is that not all carriers release their tickets at the same time. This makes it especially complicated if you are combining the tickets of two different carriers. Some combined tickets are released early, such as the London to Avignon direct line which is operative during summer months. As another example, you might want to book a train from London to Amsterdam. In this case we recommend booking your Eurostar tickets 6 months ahead and then waiting to book the rest of your trip (e.g. Lille – Amsterdam tickets) 3 months in advance. This will give you the best possible prices. These are the following booking windows for rail operators:

  • SNCF, Lyria, Renfe, Thalys, Deutsche Bahn, iDBUS: 90 days
  • Eurostar and iDTGV: 6 months****
  • OUIGO: up to 9 months

To clarify …

SNCF is the national French rail operator, who also works in combination with Switzerland to provide TGV Lyria (trains which run from France to Switzerland). Thalys is also a cooperative line between the French, Dutch and Belgian operators. Thalys trains run from France to Belgium and the Netherlands. Renfe is the Spanish national rail carrier which runs a cooperative line between France and Spain with SNCF. Deutsche Bahn is the national German operator. It also has a cooperative line between France, the DB-SNCF line. iDTGV is a subsidiary of SNCF (the French carrier) and so is iDBUS which are budget coach buses. OUIGO is a low-cost subsidiary of SNCF in France. Eurostar is the train line which runs on the English Channel, between France and the UK.

**** Eurostar release timeframes are subject to change. At current all tickets are released 6 months in advance, however after the 1st of September this may be amended to 4 months in advance. There are currently no trains available to book after the 31st of August. Once we have confirmation, we will update this accordingly.

2. Changing trains

It is really important to always check duration of your transfer time if you’re changing trains, platforms or stations. We have plenty of information about changing trains/stations in Paris, however it is always wise to check the length of your transfer time before booking. If you are travelling with heavy luggage or children and you aren’t entirely comfortable with your transfer time, then we suggest that you split your journey by booking two separate tickets. It may mean that you will have some extra time to spend at the station, but you can always grab a cup of coffee or glass of wine and relax!

Sometimes it is also possible to change your journey to avoid a station change. For instance, plenty of trains travelling to the south of France depart from Lille as well as Paris. So if you feel more comfortable changing trains instead of stations, you can always manually amend your journey. Capitaine Train’s booking engine doesn’t display routes which are more time consuming and or more expensive. However if this isn’t an issue for you, you can just split your journey and book two separate tickets: e.g. London – Lille, Lille – Avignon.

train tickets London

3. From plane to train

Capitaine Train is frequently asked how much time someone needs to board their train after arriving at a major airport (such as Charles de Gaulle in Paris). The common rule is that you need between 2 – 3 hours. It may seem excessive, but customs lines can go on for days and it’s never unwise to expect delays. If you are transferring into a city, such as Paris, to take your train then this will take at least another hour. If your plane lands at 6am at Charles de Gaulle, expect to be on your way to Paris at 8:30 and ready to board your train by 10:00. Flying can be a fairly unpredictable sport. So for that reason we recommend that you purchase Flexible tickets. They can always be cancelled or exchanged before departure. If you have a Flexible ticket, you will have at least one less hassle to take care of if you miss your train. You can select Flexible tickets when booking your train on Capitaine Train. In your search, just click on the Flexible ticket filter and you will automatically receive a Flexible ticket.

4. Know your ticket

Another frequent question Capitaine Train is asked, is whether you can take a different train to the one you booked for the same destination. Or whether it is possible to board the train from a different station. This may be the case in some countries, however in the majority of big European countries the railways are like flight paths on the ground. A train is scheduled like a plane and a station is like a mini-airport (minus the security). If you have booked a TGV train, and your ticket states a departure and arrival time, then you cannot board a later or earlier train. Your seat reservations are bound to a specific train so there is no room for flexibility. If you take a train for which you do not have a valid ticket for, expect a hefty fine. This rule also applies to departure or arrival stations. We are often asked if it’s possible to get on the train at Paris Gare du Nord when it departs at Gare du Lyon. Just like you cannot board a plane at London Gatwick Airport when it departs from London Heathrow Airport, you cannot do the same for trains.

For instance, all train stations in Paris have designated trains which arrive and depart from there, so there is no opportunity to board the train elsewhere. Of course there are always exceptions to every rule. If you have a French TER ticket (regional train) then depending on your ticket type, you might not have a seat reservation and you won’t have to take a specific train. The trains are divided into two segments depending on date and travel time: Période bleue or Période blanche. For more information on which ticket type you have, just read this article. The day of the week and time you are travelling will determine if you are bound to a certain train.

Most Deutsche Bahn trains also do not require seat reservations, however they can be purchased for an additional €4.50 for certain trains. If you do not have a seat reservation, then the first in, best dressed rule applies. You will be able to choose any seat in your booked class. So the earlier you arrive at the platform, the better your chances are of finding a seat. If you don’t find a seat, then you are allowed to stand in the luggage area of the train. There are also some fold-down seats there. If you have a seat reservation for these trains, yet you find someone sitting in your seat then no dramas. Just tell them politely that they are in your seat and they will certainly move for you.

train tickets germany

5. Know how to get your ticket

Capitaine Train offers two ticketing methods: E-ticket (print-at-home) or collect-at-station. As much as we would like to offer everyone E-tickets, we cannot always do so. However, no matter what ticket method is allocated to you, both options are super simple. You will know your ticket type as soon as you have purchased your tickets. Either you will receive an email with a PDF attachment of your tickets or an email with instructions on how to collect your tickets. By the way, you also do not have to get your ticket validated before boarding the train If you have an E-ticket (this rule applies for both France and Germany). These tickets are checked and validated onboard. If you have a collect-at-station ticket, it must be validated using a yellow or orange SNCF machine (pictured below). If you are travelling in Germany then you do not have to get your ticket validated before boarding the train, no matter what ticket type you have.


Ticket validation machine

6. Splitting your tickets

Most ticket reservation systems (including ours) will automatically create the most cost effective and time efficient trip. So if you want to book a more specific journey which isn’t appearing in our search results, then you will have to book separate tickets. In many cases our customers would like to take a more scenic route and don’t mind taking a slow train instead. If you know where you want to go, then it is super easy to book a few separate tickets on Capitaine Train.

If you need any help, suggestions or rail maps then please get in touch and we will help straight away. train ticket france

7. Flexibility never hurts

Flexibility may come with a price, but it can really pay off. The cheapest tickets are generally always non-refundable and not exchangeable, whilst Flexible (or Semi-Flexible) tickets do cost more. This can be really beneficial in some circumstances. Booking a train 10 minutes before departure because your missed your original one is never going to be cheap. However, always remember to read the fare conditions carefully before booking. They are actually important. Plus, they are also binding. So even if we wanted to do something about it, Capitaine Train unfortunately cannot refund you a non-refundable ticket. So if you are unsure about your itinerary, it’s always wise to pay a premium for flexibility. Flexible tickets can be exchanged for free the day before departure, for a small fee (sometimes free) on the day of departure. However they cannot be exchanged or refunded after departure.

train ticket conditions

8. Read the fine print

Just as with flight tickets, the conditions of train tickets actually need to be read. It can have a really big impact on your holiday if something goes wrong. Plus, it can also give you some nasty financial surprises. Book-ahead tickets are often non-refundable and not exchangeable. This really means they cannot be refunded or exchanged. The conditions are set by the carriers and not by Capitaine Train, so we actually cannot do anything about exchanges or refunds. Even if you have booked the wrong ticket or the wrong time, it cannot be refunded or exchanged if the conditions do not allow it. This means you really have to be careful when reserving your tickets. Treat them like flight tickets, be 100% sure of what you are buying. If you aren’t, you can always keep your tickets waiting for you in your shopping cart. Capitaine Train automatically reserves your seat and price, and places your ticket on hold.

Another important thing to remember is that your name and date of birth must be correct on your ticket, especially if it is an E-ticket. E-tickets are non-transferable, therefore we cannot change anything about them (even if you missed out a single letter in your name). Many fares are also age based, so for this reason your date of birth must be correct. If you are caught travelling on a ‘Youth’ fare when you are actually 45 years old, then the ticket inspector may decide to give you a heavy fine.

train tickets

9. Be on time because your train always will be

European trains run like clockwork. So it is really important to be at the station on time. Train doors close 2 minutes before departure for SNCF, Thalys, Lyria, Deutsche Bahn and iDTGV trains, and iDBUS buses. This means you should be on the train at least 5 minutes before departure. Eurostar and OUIGO trains require check-in 30 minutes before departure. If your train is just passing through the station, rather than originating from there, then it is not uncommon for the train to approach the platform only 1 to 2 minutes before the scheduled departure. For that reason it is really important to be on time. If you find yourself running late, and you have a seat reservation in a certain carriage, then don’t panic and don’t try to find the carriage from the platform. As long as you are physically on the train then you are safe. There is no point in running up and down the platform trying to find your carriage number when you can do the same safely inside of the train.

The key poiny to being on time is to know where you are going. Most European train stations are designed like airports (remember what we said earlier about stations being like mini-airports? We weren’t kidding!). You will usually find a very large, digitised screen in the middle of the station displaying train departures. Sometimes the platform will not be noted, so it’s always good to stick around and check the board regularly until it is updated. In France platforms are displayed 20 minutes before departure. Another important thing to remember is your train might have a differing final destination to yours. So check these screens/boards carefully. Sometimes your arrival station will be in the middle of a list of station names and the terminus station is not where you are getting off (depending on the country you’re in, it can be really hard to read). So if you are completely lost you can always ask station staff. They are used to these questions and will be glad to help (as long as you ask nicely). If you have plenty of time and patience (plus a good sense of humour never hurt anyone), then there is no need to stress.

10. Bring some food on the train

This is more of a personal tip, but Capitaine Train still considers it to be important. If you are travelling on a budget it can be wise to bring your own food for the train.. So if you have a spare moment, pick up some food before hand. The food on trains is quite enjoyable these days so it is always worth a try (or a glass of wine). Plus, if you have a lengthy stop over in Paris’ Gare de Lyon, treat yourself to a meal at one of the city’s most beautiful restaurants, Le Train Bleu. They also sell to-go picnics for your train ride. It should not be missed!